Dating pangalan ng afghanistan
LAND AND PEOPLE Official name: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Capital: Kabul Population: 29 835 392 inhabitants (2011) Size: 647 500 square kilometers Time Zone: GMT/UTC 4.5 Currency: Afghani Official languages: Dari (persian) and pashto Natural resources: Natural gas, petroleum, coal, cooper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones Land use: Arable land 12%, permanent pastures 46%, forests and woodland 3%, other 39% Literacy rate: 38.2 percent (UNESCO 2015) Major religious, ethnic, and linguistic groups For centuries, Afghanistan has been a mosaic of people with diverse cultures, religions and languages.Afghanistan’s ethnically and linguistically rich and mixed population reflects its location at the crossroads of Central, South and Southwest Asia.Afghan women have suffered through war, poverty, famine and violence, but with the help of the international community and the Government of Afghanistan, they are reemerging with even stronger voices for change. GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE Afghanistan’s rugged terrain and seasonally harsh climate have presented a challenge to habitants and conquering armies for centuries.Afghanistan extends from the imposing Pamir Mountains in the northeast Wakhan Corridor, through branches of smaller mountain ranges, down to the southwestern plateau where the fertile regions of Kandahar merge with the deserts of Farah and Seistan.
A National Assembly consisting of two Houses, the House of People (Wolesi Jirga) with 249 seats, and the House of Elders (Meshrano Jirga) wiyh 102 seats forms the Legislative Branch.Afghanistan’s Constitution stipulates that all other languages are “official” in the areas in which they are spoken by a majority of the population.Smaller groups throughout the country also speak more than 70 other languages and numerous dialects. An estimated 80% of the population is Sunni, following the Hanafi School of jurisprudence.The national emblem is located in the center of the flag.The national emblem of the state of Afghanistan is composed of Mehrab and Pulpit in white color. In the upper-middle part of the insignia the sacred phrase of There is no God but Allah and Mohammad is his prophet and Allah is Great are placed along with a rising sun.